Get instructions for the ideal brewing of Land of a Thousand Hills Specialty Coffee.
Your decision to follow all or any of these instructions will depend on your time, budget and love of coffee. Remember, we are coffee fanatics at Land of a Thousand Hills, so we treat our coffee the way the our coffee farmers grow it, with excellence!
Coffee is 99% water so it is important to always use filtered water.
If you do not have a coffee brewer that is connected to a water line or you use a non commercial brewer, buy 5 gallon water coolers from a local hardware store or attach a Britta filter to your faucet. At your shop, office, or church buy an "inline" filter for your commercial coffee maker.
Your water temperature needs to be at least 185 degrees F. coming out of the machine. Any less, your machine needs servicing. Water over 203 degrees, or (especially) boiling water is also not preferable. Use a clean meat thermometer to check the temperature.
QUANTITY OF GROUND COFFEE
The quantity of coffee you use to brew your coffee is as important as the grind.
The Specialty Coffee Association of America has guidelines for water to coffee ratios. All the coffee ratios are measured in weight and not volume. Why? A measuring cup of Medium Roast Coffee will weigh more than measuring cup of Dark Roast Coffee! The darker the bean, the less moisture it contains and the lighter it is. So weigh your coffee whenever possible.
However as a very general rule:
Light to Medium Roasts: 1 Level Measuring Cup of coffee = 3 oz. ground coffee.
Mt. Water Decaf: 1 Level Measuring Cup of coffee = 2.75 oz. ground coffee.
Dark or French Roasts: 1 Level Measuring Cup of coffee = 2.5 oz. ground coffee.
Below are our recommendations, but feel free to adjust to taste. We doubt you will want to add more coffee, you will probably need a little less.
DRIP BRWERS (BUNN, FETCO, NEWCO, GRINDMASTER, CURTIS)
60 ounces of brewed coffee (12 cup pot) = 2.5 oz. of coffee
Commercial “Coffee Pot” Brewer (Bunn glass bottom decanter):
66 ounces of brewed coffee (12 cup pot) = 3 oz. of coffee
Commercial “Airpot Brewer”:
76 ounces (2.2 liter) of brewed coffee = 3.5 ounces of coffee
Commercial Thermal Brewer:
Whenever possible grind your own beans. Coffee stays fresher, longer - in bean form.
There are two types of grinder, a blade grinder and burr grinder. Blade grinders cut the coffee, so you will find that your coffee grinds are of different sizes (bad!). Burr grinders are adjustable and give you a much more accurate grind.
Percolators need the coarsest possible grind so that the grinds do not fall through the metal tray into your coffee and so you do not over extract the coffee.
Drip Brewers need a Medium Grind, often called a #4 grind.